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本文主要为您介绍八上英语第二单元知识点总结,内容包括八年级上册英语的第一二单元的知识点,要全,八上英语第二单元语法重点,八年级英语上册第二单元的重点词句。以下是我的回答第一单元是How often do you exercise 问频率1. How often do you exercis


以下是我的回答第一单元是How often do you exercise 问频率1. How often do you exercise? Once a day.2. What does she usually do on weekends? She usually watches TV.3. How many hours do you sleep every day l1. 表频率副词:always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never2. once a week 一周一次, twice a year 一年两次 three times a week 一周三次 four times a month 一个月四次3. all, most, some, no4. be good for sth./ doing sth. 对什么有益 be bad for sth./ doing sth. 对什么有害5. want to do sth. 想要做某事 want sb. to do sth. 要某人做某事6. as for 至于7. try to do sth. 尽量做某事8. of course = certainly = sure 当然9. look after = take care of 照顾10. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康 11. exercise = take exercise = do sports 锻炼12. although = though 虽然13. be the same as 与什么相同 be different from 不同14. how often 多久一次15. most of the students = most students16. get good grades 取得好成绩17. some advice 中的 advice 是不可数名词18. keep/ be in good health 保持健康19. shop = go shopping = do some shopping 购物20. surf the internet 上网21. a lot of = lots of 许多22. health n. healthy adj. healthily adv., unhealthy adj.23. different adj. difference n. 可数 第二单元是What's the matter Nine hours 1. 看病用语① What`s the matter (with sb.)? 怎么了?= What`s the trouble (with sb.)?= What`s wrong (with sb.)? = Is there anything wrong (with sb.)? ② I`m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服。

= I`m feeling ill/ sick. = I feel terrible/ bad.= I don`t feel well ③I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach= My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach ④ When did it start? 什么时候开始的?⑤ You should drink more water. 表建议 You shouldn`t eat more.2. That`s a good idea. 好主意。 That`s too bad. 太糟糕了。

3. I have no idea. = I don`t know. 我不知道。4. I`m sorry to hear that. 听到此事我很难过 l1. 身体各部位名称 P7 1a2. 情态动词 should 与 shouldn`t 表建议3. have a cold/ stomachache/ toothache/ fever/ sore throat4. see a dentist/ doctor5. soon 一会儿6. feel 觉得,get 变, stay 保持, keep 保持, sound 听起来是系动词,常和形容词连用。

如:feel happy, get tired, stay / keep healthy7. lie down 躺下8. for example 例如 9. too much 太多+不可数名词 too many 太多+可数名词 much too 太+形容词10. stressed out 压抑;筋疲力尽11. It`s + 形容词 + to do sth. 做某事怎么样。12. a few 一些,修饰可数名词 a little 一些,修饰不可数名词 few 少许,修饰可数名词,表否定 little 少许,修饰不可数名词,表否定13. at the moment = now 此刻,常和现在进行时连用14. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进15. I think so. 我认为如此。

16. tooth n. 复数形式 teeth 谢谢,祝你学习进步。


重点句子及句型:1. If I don't have food, I die. If I die, no one will look after you.2. Write a report on an animal in danger for the club newsletter.★★3. I first saw the baby panda when she was only 10 days old.= I saw the baby for the first time at the age of 10 days.4. When Xi Wang was born, she weighed just 100 garms.当“希望”出生时,她只有100克。

5.Eight mother later,she was not a small baby any more.★★6.At the very beginning, Xi Wang drank her mother's milk for up to 14 hours a day.7.When Xi Wang was 20 months old, she had to look after herself because her mother had another baby.★★8.Sadly, it is very difficult for giant pandas to survive in the wild.9.Here are some of the problems( that Xi Wang may have in the future.)★★10.If farmers cut down trees and forests, giant pandas will have nowhere to live.★★11.Mothers often leave baby pandas for two whole days on their own.★★12.We can take the following actions to protest giant pandas .★★13. Encourage farmers to leave the giant panda reserves. 鼓励农民离开大熊猫保护区。14. I will see some beautiful birds if I walk through a rainforest.★★15. We call her Xi Wang. It means “hope”.★★16. She started to go outside her home for the first time.17. If hunters catch a giant panda, they will kill it for it's fur.18. If tigers live in the wild, they hunt for their own food.★★19.Tigers live as a family if they have babies.Wolves live in family groups if they are in the wild.狼在旷野中以家庭的形式群居。

★★20.They are in danger because people like their fur and make medicine from their bones.21.I think you should not buy clothes (made of animal fur).★★22.If farmers continue to make new farmland, wild animals won't get enough food.如果农民继续开辟新的农田,那么野生动物将得不到足够的食物。★★23.Mother giant pandas have only one or two babies at a time.★★24.Their number is getting smaller and smaller because their living areas are becoming farmland.他们的数量越来越少,因为他们的居住地正变成农田。

25.They seldom hurt people.它们很少伤害人。26. If we do nothing, soon there will be no giant pandas in the world.27. We are writing to you about protecting wild animals.28. They do not kill for fun.29. They are friendly towards each other and never attack people.30. They look lovely on me.31. Baby giant pandas spend a lot of time drinking their mums' milk ----up to 14 hours a day.32. What action(s) can the club take ?三、语法:条件状语从句A.在表示假设情况的条件状语从句中中,主句用一般将来时,从句中用一般现在时表示将来,当 从句放在主句之前时,用逗号将从句与主句隔开,但当主句在前从句在后时,则不需要逗号。

If it doesn't rain tomorrow, we will go fishing.B.在表示一个客观事实或经常性有规律性的事实的条件状语从句中,主句与从句都用一般现在时。If you step on a snake, it attacks you.If I don't have food, I die.。


新目标八年级英语上册第二单元复习 I. 应掌握的词组: 1. Have a cold 感冒 2. sore back 背痛 3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进 4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache =There is something wrong with my stomach = My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain inmy stomach 5. What's the matter? 怎么了? = What's the trouble (with you)? = What'syour trouble? = What's wrong (with you)? =What' thematter (with you)? =What has happened to you? =Is thereanything wrong (with you)? = what's up? 6. sore throat 咽喉痛 7. lie down and rest 躺下休息 8. see a dentist 看牙7a686964616fe4b893e5b19e31333330363237医 9. drink lots of water 多喝水 10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶 11.That's a good idea 好主意 12.That's too bad 太糟糕了 13.I think so 我认为如此 14. I'm not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服 = I'm not feeling fine/all right. = I'mfeeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don't feel well. 15. get some rest 多休息 16. I have no idea = I don't know 我不知道 17. stressed out 筋疲力尽 18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了 19. a healthy lifestyle健康的生活方式 20.traditional Chinese doctors传统中医 21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和 22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛 23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡 24.healthy food 健康食品 25. stay healthy 保持健康=keep healthy=keep in goodhealth = keep fit 26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself,herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself 反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快=have a good time = have awonderful time =have fun 27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物, enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth Practice doing sth.练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事, finish doing sth.完成某事, give up doing sth.放弃做某事, can't help doing sth.忍不住做某事, keep ding sth. 坚持做某事. 即:practice,mind, finish, give up, can't help, keep 与enjoy用法基本相似 28.at the moment = now 此刻 29. Host family 东道家庭 30. Conversation practice会话练习 31.I'm sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过 II. 应掌握的句子: 1. What's the matter?I have a bad cold. 你怎么了?我得了重感冒。

翻译:他怎么了?他胃痛。 魏芳怎么了?她背痛。

2.Maybe you should see a dentist. 或许你应该看牙医。 翻译:我应该上床睡觉。

李平应该躺下休息。 我们不应该上课吃东西。

3.I hope you feel better soon. 我希望你很快好起来。 翻译:我希望他明天能来。

他希望能取得好成绩。 我们希望能取得一等奖。

我希望你喜欢我在纽约的学校。4.Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin andyang to be healthy. 传统中医认为我们需要阴阳调和以保持身体健康。

翻译:老师认为我们应该努力学习以取得好成绩。 父母认为我们应该上大学以便得到一份好的工作。

你应该做锻炼来保持健康。 我相信每天晚上睡眠8个小时很重要。

吃均衡饮食以保持健康。 5.Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this. 吃党参和黄芪等草本植物也对这有好处。

翻译:吃一些蔬菜和水果对你的健康有好处。 看电视太多对你的眼睛有害。

6.People who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang. 太紧张易怒的人或许吃了太多的阳性食物。 7.It's easy tohave a healthy lifestyle, and it's important to eat a balanced diet. 有一个健康的生活方式很容易,饮食平衡是很重要的。


完成作业也很重要。 8.When you are tired, you shouldn't go out at night. 疲倦时,晚上你不该外出。

翻译:他小的时候就知道应该努力学习。 他5岁就上学了。

我们进教室时,老师已经开始讲课了9.I believe him, but I can't believe in him. 他的话是真的,但是我不信任他这个人。 10.I am not feeling very well at the moment. 这段时间我感觉不大好。

I'm tired and I have a lot of headaches. 我很疲劳,而且经常头痛。 11.I'm stressedout because my Mandarin isn't improving. 我很容易紧张,因为普通话没有长进。

12.I practice playing the piano every day.我每天练习弹钢琴。 翻译:他每天练习踢足球。

我们应该每天练习说英语。 我们应该经常联系用英语写日记。

13.She had finished writing the letter when I went in. 我进去时,她已经写完信了。 翻译:他踢完足球去游泳了。

我洗完餐具后去商店了。 14.The doctor asked him to give up smoking.医生叫他戒烟。

翻译:不要放弃学英语。 15.Do you mind closing the window? 请把窗户关上好吗? 翻译:在这里吸烟你介意吗? 16.Mary couldn't help laughing at his jokes.对于他的玩笑,玛莉忍不住笑了。

翻译:听到这个消息,我忍不住哭了起来。 17.They kept working though it was raining.尽管天在下雨,他们仍坚持工作。



新目标八年级英语上册第一单元复习 I. 应掌握的词组:1. go to the movies 去看电影 2. look after=take care of 照顾3. surf the internet 上网 4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式5. go skate boarding 去划板 6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康7. exercise=take (much) exercise=do sports锻炼 8. eating habits 饮食习惯9. take more exercise 做更多的运动10. the same as 与什么相同 11. once a month一月一次12. be different from 不同 13. twice a week一周两次14. make a difference to 对什么有影响 15. how often 多久一次16. although=though虽然 17. most of the students=most students 大多数学生18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物19. as for至于20. activity survey活动调查 21. do homework做家庭作业22. do house work做家务事 23. eat less meat吃更少的肉24. junk food垃圾食物 25. be good for 对什么有益26. be bad for对什么有害27. want to do sth 想做某事 28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事29. try to do sth 尽量做某事 30. come home from school放学回家31. of course=certainly=sure当然32. get good grades取得好成绩 33. some advice 34. help sb to do sth帮助某人做某事=help sb with sth35. a lot of vegetables=many vegetables许多蔬菜36. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不37. keep/be in good health保持健康 II. 应掌握的句子:1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体? How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。

翻译:“你们多久到工厂去一次?”“每星期两次。” (“How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”) “他们多长时间举办一次舞会?”“通常每两周举办一次。”

(“How often do they have a dancing party?” “Usually, once every other week.”) “他多久去购一次物?”“一个月一次。”(“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”)2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.” “周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”

第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。 翻译:What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking. 3. “What's your favorite program?” “It's Animal World.” “你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”

4. As for homework , most students do homework every day . as for。意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。

如:0As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。0As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。

翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。 (As for myself, I don't want to go now. ) 至于那个人,我什么都不知道。

(As for the man, I know nothing about him.)5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her . want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”; want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如:Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗?The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。

6. She says it's good for my health.be good for。表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for。

(这里for 是 介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词)如:It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。

Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。7. How many hours do you sleep every night?8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school .9. My eating habits are pretty good .0这里pretty相当于very 。

10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week . try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而try doing sth.表示 “(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。如:You'd better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。

11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事12. Good food and exercise help me to study better. 这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different? =Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from … 14. What sports do you play ? 15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health . keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy16. You must try to eat less meat .0 try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” 。


八年级上册英语重点总结Module 1一、语法 1. Why don't you do 。

?提建 2. Why not do 。 ? Thanks!议的 3. You should (shouldn't) do 。

. 回答 Good!表达 4. It's a good idea to do 。 . Excellent!方式 5. Try (not) to do 。

. 6. How about/ What about doing 。 ?二、重点句子1. You should speak English in class.2. You should write down your mistakes in your notebooks.3. Why don't you write down the correct spelling and grammar next to the mistakes?4. How about listening to the radio or reading a newspaper in English?5. Try not to translate every word.6. Everyone should have a pen friend and write email messages to each other.7. It's a good idea to check your vocabulary notebook every day.Module 2~4现在完成时:1. 过去发生或完成的动作对现在造成了一定的影响和后果;2. 结构:由助动词have/has +动词的过去分词构成;肯定句现在完成时的肯定句式是“have(has)+过去分词”。


回答:Yes, … have(has).No, … haven't(hasn't).否定句:现在完成时的否定句式是“haven't(hasn't)+过去分词”。3. 现在完成时的时间状语:already, just, yet, since, ever, never;4. 与一般过去时的区别:一般过去时是强调动作在过去发生,而现在完成时是强调过去发生的动作对 现在造成了影响和后果。

5.一般过去时的时间状语:yesterday, just now, …ago, last week, 2 years ago,in 1980等。例:We planted (plant) some flowers in the garden last week.I have sent (send) the letter.He has come (come ) back home, he is watching (watch) TV now.David finished (finish) his homework just now.The monkeys are full, because we have fed (feed) them.A: I have lost (lose) my purse!B. Bad luck! When did you lose (lose) it?A: I lost (lose) it last night.与现在完成时连用的几个副词:already, just, ever, yet, never肯定句: already, just疑问句和否定句: ever, yet, neveryet 常置于句末already, never, ever just一般置于助动词have/has之后,过去分词之前.例:用 already, just或never, yet完成句子1) I have been to many big cities, but I have never been to Shanghai.2) Most of us have already finished our compositions.3) Have they taken down the old pictures yet ? No, not yet .4) He has already visited Beijing twice.5) I have just heard the news. I know it.7. 现在完成时中的for和since(1)for + 一段时间(用How long提问)We have known each other for ten years. 我们相识10年了。

(2)since + 句子/具体时间since 引导的短语或从句用How long提问①since+过去一个时间点(具体的年、月、日、钟点等)。Tom has eaten nothing since yesterday.②since + 一段时间+agoWe have been friends since five months ago. 从5个月前起,我们就成了朋友。

③since+从句,表示“自过去某个时间、某件事情以来”,从句时态:一般过去时。I have lived here since I left Shanghai.④It is+一段时间+since从句,表示“自从某件事发生已有一段时间了”。

It is two years since I left school.8. 在含for或since引导的时间状语的现在完成时中,谓语动词只能用延续性动词。非延续性动词不能直接和for或since 连用。

leave --- be away die --- be deadbegin/start --- be on finish --- be overcome here --- be here go there --- be therecome back --- be back fall asleep --- be asleepget to/ arrive/reach --- be (in) leave --- be away fromgo (get) out --- be out open sth --- keep sth openjoin --- be in+组织机构/be a member of+组织机构fall ill --- be ill get up --- be upcatch a cold --- have a cold borrow --- keepbuy --- have get to know --- knowput on---wear例:1. The old man died 4 years ago. The old man has been dead for 4 years.2. It is 4 years since the old man died. Four years has passed since the old man died.3. He joined the Party 2 years ago. He has been in the Party for 2 years.4. I bought the book 5 days ago. I have had the book for 5 days.Module 5反意疑问句:用于对某一事物或观点没有确切的把握,或者用于加强自己的观点。陈述句+简短的一般疑问句 [助动词/be动词/情态动词+代词]肯定或否定 与陈述句的主语一致肯定 否定否定 肯定注意:1. 反问部分的be动词,助动词或情态动词要与陈述句部分一致。

2. 陈述句与反问句在时态和人称上要一致。3. 陈述句部分如果为否定句或含有否定意义的词(如:nothing,never, little, few等),反问句要用肯定式;陈述句部分如果式肯定句,反问部分要用否定式。

例:He was not at home at that time, was he?May listens to pops everyday, doesn't she?We know nothing about him, do we?You haven't heard of him, have you?4. 当句子为祈使句时,反问句一般用will you,表示请求或建议对方作某事,询问对方是否愿意。注:当祈使句为“Let's 。”

结构时,用shall we 反问。Drive more slowly, will you?Let's walk out of th。


英语第一单元知识点整理一、重点句型1、How often do you exercise?2、What does she do on weedends? She often goes to the movies.3、How often do you watch TV? Every day/Usually/Often/Sometime/Hardly ever/Never4、What do students do at GreenHigh school?5、What's your favorite program?6、Here are the results of thestudent activity survey atGreen High school.7、Some students are very activeand exercise every day.8、Some students do homeworkthree or four times a week.9、No students do homework onceor twice a week.10、The results for “watch TV” are interesting.一、重点句型1、你多长时间锻炼一次?2、她周末都干什么? 她通常去看电影。

3、你多久看一次电视? 每天/通常/经常/有时/几乎不/从不。4、格林中学的学生都干什么?5、你最喜欢的节目是什么?6、下面是格林中学学生活动调查结果。



11、What can you do to improveyour English?=What can you doto study your English better?12、How often do you readEnglish books?I read English books abouttwice a week.13、But my mother wants me todrink it .She says it's good formy health.14 、I exercise every day,often when I come home from school 15、My eating habits are pretty good.16、I try to eat a lot of vegtables.17、Of course,I love junk food too,and I try to eat it two or three times a week.18、Oh,and I sleep nine hours a day.19、I look after my health. 11、你能够做什么去提高你的英语?12、你多长时间看一次英语书?我看英语书大约一周两次。13、但是我妈妈想让我喝它。

她说它对我的健康有益。14 、我每天都锻炼身体,通常在我从学校回家的时候。



19、我很照顾我的健康。20、My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.21、Good food and exercise help me to study better.22、Do you think she has a healthy lifestyle?23、Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?24、I think I'm kind of unhealthy25、So maybe I'm not very healthy,although I have one healthy habit.26、I sleep for nine hours every night. 27、Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her.28、A lot of vegtables help you to keep in good health.二、频度副词1、always He is always late.20、我健康的生活方式帮助我的东安很好的成绩。



28、大量的蔬菜帮助我保持好的健康。二、频度副词1、总是、一直 (接近100%) 他总是迟到。

2、usually He usually gets up at 6:00 3、often He often goes to see his grandpa on weekends.4、sometimes He someties arrives late for school. 5、hardly ever I hardly ever watch TV at night.6、never We never go to school on weedends.三、短语1、high school=middle school2、go skateboarding3、twice a week three times a month4、surf the Internet5、junk food 6、go to the movies 7、eating habit 2、通常(大多数情况下如此) 他通常6:00起床。3、经常(往往如此) 他经常在周末去看他爷爷。

4、有时(多数情况下不如此) 他有时去学校迟到。5、极少发生(几乎不发生)我几乎不再晚上看电视。

6、从不(0%) 我们从来不在周末去学校。三、短语1、中学2、滑旱冰3、一周两次 一月三次4、网上冲浪5、垃圾食品6、去看电影7、of course8、healthy lifestyle9、kind of unhealthy10、go shopping 11、the results of 12、activity survey13、as for14、be good for15、be bad for=be not good for16、try to do sth17、the same as18、be different19、look after look for 20、be active21、help sb (to) do sth help sb with sth22、want to do sth want sb to do sth23、doing sth is good for24、how often25、keep in good health7、当然8、健康的生活方式9、有点不健康10、去购物11、……的结果12、调查活动13、对于……14、对……有益15、对……有害16、试着去做某事17、与……相同18、不同19、照顾 寻找20、活跃的21、帮助某人做某事 在某事帮助某人22、想要做某事 想要某人做某事23、做什么事是有益的24、多久一次25、保持健康英语第二单元知识点整理一、重点句型1、What's matter with you? What's wrong with you? What's the trouble with you?2、I have a stomachache.3、You should go to bed early.4、You shouldn't eat anything.5、I'm not feeling very well at the moment.6、When did it start ? About one year ago.7、I hope you feel better soon.8、She。


重点词组辨析 今天我们主要总结一下八年级下册的英语书中的主要词组。


1.up系列 up是英文中的一个副词,主要表示“向上的”,我们在这本书中学过的有: tidy up 打扫,收拾(起来) Tom, you need to tidy up your room every day. take up 占用地方 The new piano will take up too much space. look up 向上看,查找 She is looking up at the bird. I will look up the new words in the dictionary. 如果是“向上看”的话,look up和at搭配,毕竟还是偏向“看”的意思 如果是“查找”的话,注意look up后面跟要查找的内容,在哪里查找放在“in”后面 come up 出现,发生 hurry up 赶快 注意,这是一个不及物的短语,不能用于被动语态 wake up 醒来 The long noise woke him up. pick up 捡起,接站 I picked up the grass from the floor. We will pick you up at the station tomorrow. 注意:up这里面是副词,表示动作的趋向性或者结果,如果一个词组的宾语恰巧是代词(像上面最后一句),那么这个代词要放在动词和副词的中间。 2. on 系列。

On 也是英文中比较常见的构成短语的成分,on 主要有三种意思: (1)在……上面,引申为“依赖”这里on是介词。主要的短语有: depend on 依赖,依靠(在……上面) Success depends on hard work. Perform operation on: 在……身上做手术 On one's own 独自(靠自己) He did all the work on his own. (2)开启状态,这里面“on”是副词,主要的短语有: turn on: 打开 (电器设备) If you want to listen to the news, please turn on the radio. switch on: 点开(电器设备) Switch on the computer first, if you want to play games. (3)保持一种状态,持续,主要的短语有: come on: 加油 Come on! Don't give up. hold on: 坚持,别挂断电话:Hold on please, I will get her for you. 基本上,on充当短语一部分离不开这几个意思,学习上比较如一记忆。

3. off系列。副词off表示“离开”或者“没有”,学过的短语主要有: turn off 关上:这里面off表示电器设备的“关闭”状态,与on是反义词 If you think it is too noisy, I will turn off the radio. see off 送别:I will see you off at the airport tomorrow. take off 脱掉:Please take off the coat when you enter the hall. 以上的几个系列是按照副词介词划分的,下面我们再说说其它形式的。

4. a --- of系列,这个系列,中间放名词,表示一个集合,常用的有: a lot of 许多: There are a lot of good girls. a list of 一栏,一列 The doctor gave me a list of food that I couldn't eat. a collection of 一系列(藏品) I have a collection of dolls. a couple of 几个 He just stayed here for a couple of minutes 从上面的例子中,我们不难看出,如果这样的短语后面跟可数名词,那么这个名词一定是复数形式的。 5. as 系列 八年级上册学过的as 系列的短语特别多,我们就来总结一下。

as well as 也,还有 There are a lot of homework, English as well as Chinese as long as 只要 I will always be with you as long as you love me. as soon as 一……就…… I will give you a call as soon as I arrive there. 以上这三个词组都是as + 形容词原级+as的用法,它们本身的意思是“像……一样……”,如as long as是“像……一样长”但是我们这里给的例子都是它们的引申义,但是as系列的短语还没有完: such as 例如(经常用于列举)I have many hobbies such as piano, movie, etc. as a result: 结果是 As a result of the bad marks, he was not allowed to play computer games. 6. end 系列,再此系列中,我们主要讲三个短语,分别是: at the end 在―尽头处,末尾处 by the end 截止到in the end 最终,最后 at the end可以和时间,地点随意搭配,我们可以说: I met him at the end of last year. 我去年的年底见过他。(和时间搭配) I saw him at the end of the street. 我是在街的尽头看到他的。

At the end of常和一般时态(一般现在时,一般过去时)搭配 By the end of只能够和时间搭配,我们可以说: He has earned eight thousand dollars by the end of this month. 截止到这个月末,他已经挣了8000美元了。 By the end of常和完成时态搭配,表示从过去到现在。

In the end 首先,这个短语没有of,它是单独使用的,表示最终 In the end, the prince and the princess lived ever after. 最终,王子和公主快乐的生活在一起。 与这个短语有着相近意思的还有:finally, at last. 7. 一些时间状语短语 (1)right now 现在,其实就是now,加上right表示强调,如: Right now, we are climbing the mountain. 现在我们正在登山。

有right now的句子一般都是现在完成时。 (2)day by day 一天接一天,表示不停歇,如: She works hard day by day. 她一天接一天的努力工作。

这个时间状语主要用于一般时态(一般现在时,一般过去时) (3)at the end of 在结束的时候 和一般时态搭配 (4)by the end of 截止到 。


[人教版]新目标英语八年级上册知识要点Unit 1 How often do you exercise?重点语法:频率副词 询问别人做某事的频繁程度Unit 2 What's the matter?重点语法:询问别人如何感觉 了解一些常见病的英文名称Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?重点语法:用现在进行时态表示一般将来时态 强调某个动作已经计划好即将按照计划去执行Unit 4 How do you get to school?重点语法:询问别人做某事的方式 用 How 引导特殊疑问句Unit 5 Can you come to my party?重点语法:询问并请求某人做某事Unit 6 I'm more outgoing than my sister.重点语法:在两件或多件事物中进行比较 使用形容词的比较级和最高级Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake?重点语法:询问做某事的过程用 how 引导特殊疑问句 分步回答用 first(首先), next(接着), then(然后), finally(最后) 等时间副词引导从句。

Unit 8 How was your school trip?重点语法:一般过去时态Unit 9 When was he born?重点语法:一般过去时态 谈论著名人物Unit 10 I'm going to be a basketball player.重点语法:一般将来时态 do/does 的两种一般将来时态形式:will do;be going to doUnit 11 Could you please clean your room?重点语法:委婉请求别人做某事 引导词用 can, shall, will 等情态动词的过去时态Unit 12 What's the best radio station?重点语法:在各事物间进行比较 用形容词的原形、比较级和最高级OK?希望能帮到你啊。


中考重点句型 一、常使用动词不定式的短语1、It's time to do sth.\ It's time for sth 该作某事的时候了.2、can't wait to do sth. 迫不及待要作某事3、ask /telle sb. (not ) to do sth. 要求/告诉某人(不)作某事4、allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人作某事5、be supposed to do sth. 应该作某事6、Would like /want (sb.) to do sth. 想要作某事7、have sth/nothing to do 有…时要做/与…无关8、find it +adj. to do sth. 发觉作某事…9、prefer to do sth. rather than do sth. 宁愿作某事,而不愿作某事 10、It's +adj. for sb. to do sth.作某事对某人来说…11、It's better /best to do sth. 最好做某事12、It takes sb. sometime. to do sth. 某人做某事用了一些时间 二、常用动名词的短语1、enjoy /like /love doing sth. 喜欢做某事 2、keep /keep on /carry on / go on doing sth. 继续做某事 3、feel like doing sth. 想要做某事 4、practise doing sth. 练习作某事 5、give up doing sth. 放弃作某事6、be good at= do well in\on doing sth. 擅长作某事7、pay attention to doing sth. 注意作某事8、what about/ how about doing sth.….怎么样(好吗)?9、Thank you for doing sth. 为…感谢某人10、mind doing sth. 介意作某事11、be used for doing sth./ be used to do sth. 、被用来作某事12、spend …(in) doing sth. 花时间作某时13、be busy doing/ with sth. 忙于作某事 14、finish doing sth. 作完某时15、look forward to doing. 盼望做某事16、prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢…胜过…17、be/get used to doing sth. 习惯作某事18、keep / stop/ prevent sb. from doing sth.阻止某人作某事 三、省略动词不定式的短语1、一看二听三使役 see/ hear/ feel/ notice/ look at /listen to sb. do sth.看见/听见/感觉/注意某人作某事 make /let /have sb. do sth. 使/让某人做某事2、help sb. (to) do sth/ with sth.帮助某人作某事3、had better (not) do sth. 最好(不)做某事4、Why don't you/ not do sth.为什么不作某事5、Would /Will / Could you please (not) do sth. 请你(不)作某事好吗?四、同义词比较1、stop to do sth. 停下正在做的事去作另一件事 stop doing sth. 停止正在作的事 eg. When the teacher came into the classroom, the students stopped talking. After he worked for an hour, he stopped to have a rest.2、forget / remember to do sth.忘记/记得要去作某事 forget / remember doing sth. 忘记记得曾经做过某事 eg. Please remember to bring my book to school.I remember doing my homework3、used to do sth. 过去常常作某事 be used to do sth. 被用来作某事 be used to doing sth. 习惯于作某事 eg. My father used to smoke.Wood is used to make paper.I am used to getting up early.4、So +be/助动词/情态动词 + 主语 …也一样 So +主语+be/助动词/ 情态动词 是呀,表示赞同别人的观点 Neither + be /助动词/ 情态动词+主语 …也不一样(用于否定句) eg. He has been to Beijing. So have I.It's a fine day. So it is.She doesn't like eggs. Neither do I.5、too…to do sth. 太…而不能… so +adj. /adv + that(从句) 如此…以致… such +(a/an +adj.)+n.+ that(从句) 如此…以致…(not) enough (for sb.) to do sth. (对某人来说)做某事(不)够 eg. The boy is too young to go to school.The boy is so young that he can't go to school.He is such a young boy that he can't go to school.The boy is not old enough to go to school.五、常考知识点1、keep +adj. 保持…状态 keep (sb.) doing sth. 继续做某事/使某人老是做某事 eg. Everyone should keep our classroom clean.It's too late, but he still keeps working.Lily always keeps us waiting for her.2、make+ sb. + n. 使某人成为 make + sb. + adj. 使某人… make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 Sb. be made to sth. 某人被迫做某事 eg. We made Peter our monitor.Books make us happy.He often makes me laugh.The workers were made to work 12 hours a day.3、I don't think that 我认为…不 eg. I don't think you are right.4、It's /was/has been+ some time +since+一般过去时… 自从…以来有多久了 eg. It has been two years since we met last time.6、What do you mean by?=What does .. mean?=what is the meaning of。

是什么意思?eg. What do you mean by “computer”?=What does “computer” mean?=what is the meaning of。


1单元. there will be句型,是there be句型的将来时结构,用来表示将来某时存在的某人或物. in 10 yeas,in与一段时间连用,意思表示“在……之后”,若要对这个短语进行提问,应用疑问词组 how soon fewer是few的比较级,修饰可数名词;less是little的比较级,修饰不可数名词 can和be able to都有“能够、能”的意思,后接的都是动词原形,但can只能用在一般现在时(can)和过去时(could)中,be able to 可用在各种时态 hundred和hundred of的区别在与hundred表示确切的数目,hundreds of表示不确切的数,所以hundred应是复数形式。

例如:There are one hundred boys in the classroom. 教室里有100个男孩 There are hundreds of boys in the classroom. 教室里有数百个男孩 第2单元, call up是动词+副词组成的短语,在跟人或物时,要注意分清名词还是代词,若是I,you,him一类的代词,应放在副词之前:call me up;若是像Tom,the boy这一类的名词,可放在副词之前,也可放在副词之后:call Tom up/call up Tom. the same as意为“与……相同”:My pen is the same as yours. “the same+名词+as..”表示“和……一样的……”:My pen is the same color as yours. not。until。

表示“直到……才”可用before替换until,意思不变: I don't go to bed until I finish my homework. 我直到做完作业后才睡觉(我不睡觉,直到我做完作业了) find/find out/look for find表示“发现,找到”,带有偶然性,强调动作之后的结果; find out表示“查出,弄清”,指认真调查之后所发现才发现; look for指“寻找”,强调动作和过程,不一定能找到结果。 also/too/either 三个词都表示“也……”用法不同 also用在肯定句,放在句中;too用在肯定句,放在句末; 而either用在否定句,放在句末。