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八年级上册重点英语知识点总结

本文主要为您介绍八年级上册重点英语知识点总结,内容包括人教版初二英语上册13单元知识点,初二英语单元知识点汇总,八年级上册英语的第一二单元的知识点,要全。重点词组辨析 今天我们主要总结一下八年级下册的英语书中的主要词组。与上册书比起来,下册书明显单词量大了,词组短语的难度也加大了。上一次

1.人教版初二英语上册1

重点词组辨析 今天我们主要总结一下八年级下册的英语书中的主要词组。

与上册书比起来,下册书明显单词量大了,词组短语的难度也加大了。上一次的学习,我们主要是一个一个模块的学习,这次我们做一次总结性学习,就是把特点相同,长相相似的短语放在一起学习,以便我们记忆。

1.up系列 up是英文中的一个副词,主要表示“向上的”,我们在这本书中学过的有: tidy up 打扫,收拾(起来) Tom, you need to tidy up your room every day. take up 占用地方 The new piano will take up too much space. look up 向上看,查找 She is looking up at the bird. I will look up the new words in the dictionary. 如果是“向上看”的话,look up和at搭配,毕竟还是偏向“看”的意思 如果是“查找”的话,注意look up后面跟要查找的内容,在哪里查找放在“in”后面 come up 出现,发生 hurry up 赶快 注意,这是一个不及物的短语,不能用于被动语态 wake up 醒来 The long noise woke him up. pick up 捡起,接站 I picked up the grass from the floor. We will pick you up at the station tomorrow. 注意:up这里面是副词,表示动作的趋向性或者结果,如果一个词组的宾语恰巧是代词(像上面最后一句),那么这个代词要放在动词和副词的中间。 2. on 系列。

On 也是英文中比较常见的构成短语的成分,on 主要有三种意思: (1)在……上面,引申为“依赖”这里on是介词。主要的短语有: depend on 依赖,依靠(在……上面) Success depends on hard work. Perform operation on: 在……身上做手术 On one's own 独自(靠自己) He did all the work on his own. (2)开启状态,这里面“on”是副词,主要的短语有: turn on: 打开 (电器设备) If you want to listen to the news, please turn on the radio. switch on: 点开(电器设备) Switch on the computer first, if you want to play games. (3)保持一种状态,持续,主要的短语有: come on: 加油 Come on! Don't give up. hold on: 坚持,别挂断电话:Hold on please, I will get her for you. 基本上,on充当短语一部分离不开这几个意思,学习上比较如一记忆。

3. off系列。副词off表示“离开”或者“没有”,学过的短语主要有: turn off 关上:这里面off表示电器设备的“关闭”状态,与on是反义词 If you think it is too noisy, I will turn off the radio. see off 送别:I will see you off at the airport tomorrow. take off 脱掉:Please take off the coat when you enter the hall. 以上的几个系列是按照副词介词划分的,下面我们再说说其它形式的。

4. a --- of系列,这个系列,中间放名词,表示一个集合,常用的有: a lot of 许多: There are a lot of good girls. a list of 一栏,一列 The doctor gave me a list of food that I couldn't eat. a collection of 一系列(藏品) I have a collection of dolls. a couple of 几个 He just stayed here for a couple of minutes 从上面的例子中,我们不难看出,如果这样的短语后面跟可数名词,那么这个名词一定是复数形式的。 5. as 系列 八年级上册学过的as 系列的短语特别多,我们就来总结一下。

as well as 也,还有 There are a lot of homework, English as well as Chinese as long as 只要 I will always be with you as long as you love me. as soon as 一……就…… I will give you a call as soon as I arrive there. 以上这三个词组都是as + 形容词原级+as的用法,它们本身的意思是“像……一样……”,如as long as是“像……一样长”但是我们这里给的例子都是它们的引申义,但是as系列的短语还没有完: such as 例如(经常用于列举)I have many hobbies such as piano, movie, etc. as a result: 结果是 As a result of the bad marks, he was not allowed to play computer games. 6. end 系列,再此系列中,我们主要讲三个短语,分别是: at the end 在―尽头处,末尾处 by the end 截止到in the end 最终,最后 at the end可以和时间,地点随意搭配,我们可以说: I met him at the end of last year. 我去年的年底见过他。(和时间搭配) I saw him at the end of the street. 我是在街的尽头看到他的。

At the end of常和一般时态(一般现在时,一般过去时)搭配 By the end of只能够和时间搭配,我们可以说: He has earned eight thousand dollars by the end of this month. 截止到这个月末,他已经挣了8000美元了。 By the end of常和完成时态搭配,表示从过去到现在。

In the end 首先,这个短语没有of,它是单独使用的,表示最终 In the end, the prince and the princess lived ever after. 最终,王子和公主快乐的生活在一起。 与这个短语有着相近意思的还有:finally, at last. 7. 一些时间状语短语 (1)right now 现在,其实就是now,加上right表示强调,如: Right now, we are climbing the mountain. 现在我们正在登山。

有right now的句子一般都是现在完成时。 (2)day by day 一天接一天,表示不停歇,如: She works hard day by day. 她一天接一天的努力工作。

这个时间状语主要用于一般时态(一般现在时,一般过去时) (3)at the end of 在结束的时候 和一般时态搭配 (4)by the end of 截止到 。

2.初二英语单元知识点汇总

[人教版]新目标英语八年级上册知识要点Unit 1 How often do you exercise?重点语法:频率副词 询问别人做某事的频繁程度Unit 2 What's the matter?重点语法:询问别人如何感觉 了解一些常见病的英文名称Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?重点语法:用现在进行时态表示一般将来时态 强调某个动作已经计划好即将按照计划去执行Unit 4 How do you get to school?重点语法:询问别人做某事的方式 用 How 引导特殊疑问句Unit 5 Can you come to my party?重点语法:询问并请求某人做某事Unit 6 I'm more outgoing than my sister.重点语法:在两件或多件事物中进行比较 使用形容词的比较级和最高级Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake?重点语法:询问做某事的过程用 how 引导特殊疑问句 分步回答用 first(首先), next(接着), then(然后), finally(最后) 等时间副词引导从句。

Unit 8 How was your school trip?重点语法:一般过去时态Unit 9 When was he born?重点语法:一般过去时态 谈论著名人物Unit 10 I'm going to be a basketball player.重点语法:一般将来时态 do/does 的两种一般将来时态形式:will do;be going to doUnit 11 Could you please clean your room?重点语法:委婉请求别人做某事 引导词用 can, shall, will 等情态动词的过去时态Unit 12 What's the best radio station?重点语法:在各事物间进行比较 用形容词的原形、比较级和最高级OK?希望能帮到你啊。

3.八年级上册英语的第一二单元的知识点,要全

以下是我的回答第一单元是How often do you exercise 问频率1. How often do you exercise? Once a day.2. What does she usually do on weekends? She usually watches TV.3. How many hours do you sleep every day l1. 表频率副词:always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never2. once a week 一周一次, twice a year 一年两次 three times a week 一周三次 four times a month 一个月四次3. all, most, some, no4. be good for sth./ doing sth. 对什么有益 be bad for sth./ doing sth. 对什么有害5. want to do sth. 想要做某事 want sb. to do sth. 要某人做某事6. as for 至于7. try to do sth. 尽量做某事8. of course = certainly = sure 当然9. look after = take care of 照顾10. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康 11. exercise = take exercise = do sports 锻炼12. although = though 虽然13. be the same as 与什么相同 be different from 不同14. how often 多久一次15. most of the students = most students16. get good grades 取得好成绩17. some advice 中的 advice 是不可数名词18. keep/ be in good health 保持健康19. shop = go shopping = do some shopping 购物20. surf the internet 上网21. a lot of = lots of 许多22. health n. healthy adj. healthily adv., unhealthy adj.23. different adj. difference n. 可数 第二单元是What's the matter Nine hours 1. 看病用语① What`s the matter (with sb.)? 怎么了?= What`s the trouble (with sb.)?= What`s wrong (with sb.)? = Is there anything wrong (with sb.)? ② I`m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服。

= I`m feeling ill/ sick. = I feel terrible/ bad.= I don`t feel well ③I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach= My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach ④ When did it start? 什么时候开始的?⑤ You should drink more water. 表建议 You shouldn`t eat more.2. That`s a good idea. 好主意。 That`s too bad. 太糟糕了。

3. I have no idea. = I don`t know. 我不知道。4. I`m sorry to hear that. 听到此事我很难过 l1. 身体各部位名称 P7 1a2. 情态动词 should 与 shouldn`t 表建议3. have a cold/ stomachache/ toothache/ fever/ sore throat4. see a dentist/ doctor5. soon 一会儿6. feel 觉得,get 变, stay 保持, keep 保持, sound 听起来是系动词,常和形容词连用。

如:feel happy, get tired, stay / keep healthy7. lie down 躺下8. for example 例如 9. too much 太多+不可数名词 too many 太多+可数名词 much too 太+形容词10. stressed out 压抑;筋疲力尽11. It`s + 形容词 + to do sth. 做某事怎么样。12. a few 一些,修饰可数名词 a little 一些,修饰不可数名词 few 少许,修饰可数名词,表否定 little 少许,修饰不可数名词,表否定13. at the moment = now 此刻,常和现在进行时连用14. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进15. I think so. 我认为如此。

16. tooth n. 复数形式 teeth 谢谢,祝你学习进步。

4.初二上册英语重点归纳

八年级上册英语重点总结Module 1一、语法 1. Why don't you do 。

?提建 2. Why not do 。 ? Thanks!议的 3. You should (shouldn't) do 。

. 回答 Good!表达 4. It's a good idea to do 。 . Excellent!方式 5. Try (not) to do 。

. 6. How about/ What about doing 。 ?二、重点句子1. You should speak English in class.2. You should write down your mistakes in your notebooks.3. Why don't you write down the correct spelling and grammar next to the mistakes?4. How about listening to the radio or reading a newspaper in English?5. Try not to translate every word.6. Everyone should have a pen friend and write email messages to each other.7. It's a good idea to check your vocabulary notebook every day.Module 2~4现在完成时:1. 过去发生或完成的动作对现在造成了一定的影响和后果;2. 结构:由助动词have/has +动词的过去分词构成;肯定句现在完成时的肯定句式是“have(has)+过去分词”。

注意:该句式中的have或has是助动词,has用于第三人称单数,其它人称一律用have。疑问句现在完成时的一般疑问句式是把助动词have或has提到主语之前。

回答:Yes, … have(has).No, … haven't(hasn't).否定句:现在完成时的否定句式是“haven't(hasn't)+过去分词”。3. 现在完成时的时间状语:already, just, yet, since, ever, never;4. 与一般过去时的区别:一般过去时是强调动作在过去发生,而现在完成时是强调过去发生的动作对 现在造成了影响和后果。

5.一般过去时的时间状语:yesterday, just now, …ago, last week, 2 years ago,in 1980等。例:We planted (plant) some flowers in the garden last week.I have sent (send) the letter.He has come (come ) back home, he is watching (watch) TV now.David finished (finish) his homework just now.The monkeys are full, because we have fed (feed) them.A: I have lost (lose) my purse!B. Bad luck! When did you lose (lose) it?A: I lost (lose) it last night.与现在完成时连用的几个副词:already, just, ever, yet, never肯定句: already, just疑问句和否定句: ever, yet, neveryet 常置于句末already, never, ever just一般置于助动词have/has之后,过去分词之前.例:用 already, just或never, yet完成句子1) I have been to many big cities, but I have never been to Shanghai.2) Most of us have already finished our compositions.3) Have they taken down the old pictures yet ? No, not yet .4) He has already visited Beijing twice.5) I have just heard the news. I know it.7. 现在完成时中的for和since(1)for + 一段时间(用How long提问)We have known each other for ten years. 我们相识10年了。

(2)since + 句子/具体时间since 引导的短语或从句用How long提问①since+过去一个时间点(具体的年、月、日、钟点等)。Tom has eaten nothing since yesterday.②since + 一段时间+agoWe have been friends since five months ago. 从5个月前起,我们就成了朋友。

③since+从句,表示“自过去某个时间、某件事情以来”,从句时态:一般过去时。I have lived here since I left Shanghai.④It is+一段时间+since从句,表示“自从某件事发生已有一段时间了”。

It is two years since I left school.8. 在含for或since引导的时间状语的现在完成时中,谓语动词只能用延续性动词。非延续性动词不能直接和for或since 连用。

leave --- be away die --- be deadbegin/start --- be on finish --- be overcome here --- be here go there --- be therecome back --- be back fall asleep --- be asleepget to/ arrive/reach --- be (in) leave --- be away fromgo (get) out --- be out open sth --- keep sth openjoin --- be in+组织机构/be a member of+组织机构fall ill --- be ill get up --- be upcatch a cold --- have a cold borrow --- keepbuy --- have get to know --- knowput on---wear例:1. The old man died 4 years ago. The old man has been dead for 4 years.2. It is 4 years since the old man died. Four years has passed since the old man died.3. He joined the Party 2 years ago. He has been in the Party for 2 years.4. I bought the book 5 days ago. I have had the book for 5 days.Module 5反意疑问句:用于对某一事物或观点没有确切的把握,或者用于加强自己的观点。陈述句+简短的一般疑问句 [助动词/be动词/情态动词+代词]肯定或否定 与陈述句的主语一致肯定 否定否定 肯定注意:1. 反问部分的be动词,助动词或情态动词要与陈述句部分一致。

2. 陈述句与反问句在时态和人称上要一致。3. 陈述句部分如果为否定句或含有否定意义的词(如:nothing,never, little, few等),反问句要用肯定式;陈述句部分如果式肯定句,反问部分要用否定式。

例:He was not at home at that time, was he?May listens to pops everyday, doesn't she?We know nothing about him, do we?You haven't heard of him, have you?4. 当句子为祈使句时,反问句一般用will you,表示请求或建议对方作某事,询问对方是否愿意。注:当祈使句为“Let's 。”

结构时,用shall we 反问。Drive more slowly, will you?Let's walk out of th。

5.八年级英语语法总结、全面点的、

一、词法 1、名词 A)、名词的数 我们知道名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词,而不可数名词它没有复数形式,但可数名词却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下: 一)在后面加s。

如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas 二)x, sh, ch, s, tch后加es。如:boxes, glasses, dresses, watches, wishes, faxes 三)1)以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加es 如:baby-babies, family-families, duty-duties, comedy-comedies, documentary-documentaries, story-stories 2)以元音字母加y结尾的直接加s。

如:day-days, boy-boys, toy-toys, key-keys, ways 四)以o结尾加s(外来词)。如:radios, photos, 但如是辅音加o的加es:如: tomatoes西红柿, potatoes马铃薯 五)以f或fe结尾的变f为v再加es(s)。

如:knife-knives, wife-wives, half-halves, shelf-shelves, leaf-leaves, yourself-yourselves 六)单复数相同(不变的)有:fish, sheep, deer鹿子, Chinese, Japanese 七)一般只有复数,没有单数的有:people,pants, shorts, shoes, glasses, gloves, clothes, socks 八)单词形式不变,既可以是单数也可以是复数的有:police警察局,警察, class班,同学, family家,家庭成员 九)合成的复数一般只加主要名词,多数为后一个单词。如:action movie-action movies, pen pal-pen pals; 但如果是由man或woman所组成的合成词的复数则同时为复数。

如:man doctor-men doctors, woman teacher-women teachers 十)有的单复数意思不同。如:fish鱼 fishes鱼的种类, paper纸 papers报纸,卷子,论文, work工作 works作品,工厂, glass玻璃 glasses玻璃杯,眼镜, orange桔子水 oranges橙子, light光线 lights灯, people人 peoples民族, time时间 times时代, 次数, chicken 鸡肉 chickens 小鸡 十一) 单个字母的复数可以有两种形式直接加s或's。

如:Is (I's), Ks (K's)。但如是缩略词则只加s。

如:IDs, VCDs, SARs 十二) 特殊形式的有:child-children, man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, mouse-mice, policeman-policemen, Englishman-Englishmen B)名词的格 当我们要表示某人的什么东西或人时,我们就要使用所有格形式。构成如下: 一)单数在后面加's。

如:brother's, Mike's, teacher's 二)复数以s结尾的直接在s后加',如果不是以s结尾的与单数一样处理。如:Teachers' Day教师节, classmates'; Children's Day六一节, Women's Day三八节 三)由and并列的名词所有时,如果是共同所有同一人或物时,只加最后一个's,但分别拥有时却分别按单数形式处理。

如:Mike and Ben's room迈克和本的房间(共住一间),Mike's and Ben's rooms迈克和本的房间(各自的房间) 2、代词 项目 人称代词 物主代词 指示代词 反身代词 人称 主格 宾格 形容词 名词性 第一人称 单数 I me my mine myself 复数 we us our ours ourselves 第二人称 单数 you you your yours yourself 复数 you you your yours yourselves 第三人称 单数 she her her hers herself he him his his himself it it its its this that itself 复数 they them their theirs these those themselves 3、动词 A) 第三人称单数 当动词是第三人称单数时,动词应该像名词的单数变动词那样加s,如下: 一)一般在词后加s。如:comes, spells, waits, talks, sees, dances, trains 二)在x, sh, ch, s, tch后加es。

如:watches, washes, wishes, finishes 三)1)以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加es。如:study-studies, hurry-hurries, try-tries 2)以元音字母加y结尾的直接加s。

如:plays, says, stays, enjoys, buys 四)以o结尾加es。如:does, goes 五)特殊的有:are-is, have-has B) 现在分词 当我们说某人正在做什么事时,动词要使用分词形式,不能用原形,构成如下: 一)一般在后加ing。

如:spell-spelling, sing-singing, see-seeing, train-training, play-playing, hurry-hurrying, watch-watching, go-going, do-doing 二)以不发音e的结尾的去掉e再加ing。如:dance-dancing, wake-waking, take-taking, practice-practicing, write-writing, have-having 三)以重读闭音节结尾且一个元音字母+一个辅音字母(注意除开字母组合如show –showing, draw-drawing)要双写最后的辅音字母再加ing。

如:put-putting, run-running, get-getting, let-letting, begin-beginning 四)以ie结尾的变ie为y再加ing。如:tie-tying系 die-dying死 lie-lying 位于 4、形容词的级 我们在对两个或以上的人或物进行对比时,则要使用比较或最高级形式。

构成如下: 一) 一般在词后加er或est(如果是以e结尾则直接加r或st)。如:greater-greatest, shorter –shortest, taller –tallest, longer –longest, nicer- nicest, larger -largest 二)以重读闭音节结尾且1个元音字母+1个辅音字母(字母组合除外,如few-fewer fewest)结尾的双写结尾的辅音再加er /est。

如:big-bigger biggest, red-redder reddest, hot-hotter hottest 三) 以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i加er/est。如:happy-happier happiest, sorry-sorrier sorriest, friendly-friendlier friendliest(more friendly most friendly), busy-busier busiest, easy-easier easiest 四)特殊情况:(两好多坏,一少老远) good/well - better best 。

6.【八年级上学期的英语语法总结(全部)

一、只能修饰可数名词的词语有: many, many a(n), a good / great many, a (great / large) number of, scores of, dozens of等.例如: Scores of people went there in the first few days after its opening. 开张后的头几天,很多人去了那儿. I have been there dozens of times. 我已去过那儿很多次了. There're a number of students reading English in the classroom. 教室里有许多学生在读英语. Many a student has(=many students have)visited the Great Wall.(谓语动词用单数) 很多学生都游览过长城. In winter, a good many animals sleep under the snow. 冬天很多动物在雪下冬眠. 注意: many所修饰的复数名词前若有限定词,many 后面要接of, 表示“……中的很多”. 例如: A great many(of the) graduates have found jobs. 毕业生中很多人已经找到了工作. 二、只能修饰不可数名词的词语有: much, a great deal of, a great / large amount of等.例如: Is there much water in the bucket? 桶里有很多水吗? He always has a great amount of work to do. 他总是有很多工作要做. 三、既能修饰可数名词又能修饰不可数名词的词语有: a lot of, lots of, plenty of (以上三个词语后谓语动词的数依of 后的名词的单复数而定),a great / large quantity of (其后谓语用单数),quantities of (其后谓语用复数).例如: There is still lots of snow in the garden. 花园里还有许多雪. There is plenty of rain here. 这儿的雨水很多. A great quantity of flowers was placed in the hall. 大厅里放了很多鲜花. There are large quantities of food in the cupboard. 橱柜里有许多食物. 在所有这些表示“很多”的词语中many, much 是最常用的词,它们既可以用于肯定句,也可以用于疑问句和否定句.例如: Are there many people in the street? 街上有很多人吗? There isn't much time left. 剩下的时间不多了. 其它的词语都用于肯定句,日常会话中常用lots of, a lot of 或plenty of; 正式文体中常用 a great many, a (large) number of, a great deal of, scores of 或 dozens of 等.但若肯定句中有too, so, as, very或how 等词修饰时,则必须使用 many, much.例如: The number of the people who lost their homes reached as many as 250,000. 无家可归的人数多达250,000人. There is too much work to do. 要做的工作太多了. 或者是这样的,你自己看下,哪Unit 1 How often do you exercise?Grammar: 特殊疑问句:wh-questions: what, who, where, when, which, whose, why, whom等.特殊疑问句的构成及用法:结构:特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句, 即:特殊疑问词+be/助动词/情态动词+主语+谓语/表语(+其他)疑问代词:1) Who:谁.做主语,用来指人 Who is the boy under the tree?2)Whom 谁,做宾语,用来指人 Whom are you writing to?3) Whose 谁的,用来指所属关系,如果做定语,一般后接名词 Whose pen is this?4) Which 哪个,哪些,用来指对人或物在一定范围之内进行选择 Which grils will in the sports meeting? Which pen is Lily's?5)What什么,通常指物,也可指人,一般用在没有指出范围的情况下 What can you see in the picture? What are you doing now?疑问副词:When:何时,询问时间 When will she come back?Where何地,询问地点, Where do you come from?Why为什么,询问原因, Why are you late for school?How 如何,询问手段、方式、工具以及程度等 How do you usually go to school?How old多大,询问年龄,How old is Jim's little brother?How many/much多少,询问数量 How many birds are there in the tree?How far多远,询问距离, How far is it form your home to school?How long多长,多久,询问时间的长度或距离 How long will you stay in Beijing?How often多长时间按一次,询问频率 How often do you go to see your grandparents?How soon多久,询问时间 How soon will you come back?频率副词:表示动作发生的频率,never, sometimes, often, usually, always. Unit 2 What's the matter with you? Grammar:1. 用have 来描述身体不适 have/have got a +疾病名字;得了……病 2.情态动词should,情态动词should,can, may, must没有人称和时态的变化,后接动词原形Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation?Grammar:现在进行时表将来 一般将来时表示将要做某事或计划打算做某事要用到句型“be+doing”其中be是助动词,它有人称和单复数的变化.Be: am, is, are. be + v.ing是现在进行时的形式,但用于表示将来.用进行时表将来,常用于表示即将来临的未来预定要做的事情,一般指个人计划要做的事.用于此情况的动词一般是表示位置转移的动词,如,go, come, leave, start, arrive, move等.一.肯定句中,结构为“be+doing.”I am going shopping this afternoon.二.否定句是在be之后加not. I'm not going to shopping this afternoon.三.一般疑问句是将be置于句首 Are you going shopping this afternoon?—Yes, I am/ we are. No, I'm not./ We aren't.四.特殊疑问句“疑问词+一般疑问句语序.”What are you doing for vacation? When is he going camping? Who are you。

7.八年级上学期英语所有的重要语法+语言点(整理)

1. be absent from…. 缺席,不在 2. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉 3. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于…近:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on 4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外.Without accident(=safely) 安全地, 7. of one's own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地 8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one's accord with 同….不一致 9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 11. on one's own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one's own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性. 12. take…into account(=consider)把。

考虑进去 13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由) 14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明. 15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为. 16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) 17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 18. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉 19. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 20. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 21. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) 22. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 23. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 24. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 25. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 26. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; 27. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地. 28. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先. 29. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地. 30. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事 31. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用. 32. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 33. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 34. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前. 35. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中. 36. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的. 37. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 38. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎. 39. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到. 40. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于. 41. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责. 42. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合. 43. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for 44. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 45. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力 46. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用. 47. apply to 与…有关;适用 48. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 49. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起. 50. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… 51. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); 52. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻 53. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信. 54. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 55. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… 56. attend to (=give one's attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 57. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法 58. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果 59. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 60. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道. 61. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 62. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one's back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起. 63. at one's back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one's back 有…支持, 有…作后台 64. turn one's back 。

8.八年级英语复习提纲

这只是八下一部分短语给你参考,你若想要更详细的,百度hi我吧!!但这些短语足以应对八年的英语考试。

复习提纲Unit 1Useful Expressions1. make predictions 做预测2. free time 空闲时间3. fly…to… 乘坐…飞往…4. on a space station 在太空站上5. I disagree. 我不同意.6. fall/be in love with sb. 与sb.相爱7. keep pets 养宠物8. be able to 能够9. predict the future 预测未来10. come true 实现11. see sb. do sth. 看见sb.做某事(的全过程)doing sth. 看见sb.正在做某事(片断)12. help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事13. hundreds of 数以百计的14. try to do sth. 尽力做某事15. look like 看上去长的像…16. look for 寻找17. 一段时间 + from now (从现在起)…之后from now on = in the future 今后Key Points1. Do you think …?I think (that)….I don't think (that)….2. study at home on computer辨析:on,in和with.on:表示使用通讯工具、信息或传媒,乘坐交通工具等;in:使用语言文字等媒介;with:借助具体的手段或工具。Eg. I don't want to talk about it on the phone.Can you speak it in English?Don't write it with a red pen.3. Will people use money in 100 years?“in+时间”结构常与一般将来时连用,对其进行提问时用特殊疑问词how soon.4. beforeago 与过去时连用Grammar Focus1. The Simple Future tense一般将来时的三种基本结构:⑴ will +V.⑵ be going to +V.⑶ be + Ving一般将来时的时间状语:in + 时间,in the future,next + 时间,与tomorrow 相关的时间,this + 时间,from now on,right now,some day…2.形容词、副词的比较级用法Unit 2UE1. argue with sb. 与某人争吵about/over sth. 为某事争吵2. out of style/danger 过时/脱离险境in style/danger 时尚/处于危险之中3. call up sb. (代词放中间)给某人打电话4. keep out 不让…进入5. What's wrong? 怎么啦?6. be surprised at … 对…感到吃惊7. borrow sth. from sb. 从某人那里借入某物8. need to do sth. (某人)需要做某事doing sth. (某物)需要做某事9. pay … for sth. 为某物付…(钱)10. the same + n. + as… 与…一样的n.11. get on well with sb. 与某人相处融洽12. have a fight with sb. 与某人争吵13. take part in 加入14. plan sth. for sb. 为某人计划某事15. as much as possible 尽可能多的…KP.1. Sb. pay …for sth. 某人为某物花了…钱。

Sth. cost sb. … 某物花了某人…钱。Sb. spend … on sth. 某人花了…(时间、金钱)在某事上。

(in) doing sth. 某人花了…(时间、金钱)做某事。It takes/took sb. … to do sth. 花了某人…(时间、金钱)做某事。

2. not … until 直到…才… (主句动词是短暂性动词)until 一直到… (主句中使用延续性动词)3. leaveGF情态动词1. 情态动词没有人称和数的变化;2. 情态动词不能直接做谓语,必须和一个动词原形同时使用;3. 大多数情态动词没有时态的变化;4. 情态动词加上be,通常表示猜测的语气。Unit3UE1. in front of ---- behide 在…的前面 ---- 在…的后面in the front of ---- at the back of 在…的前部 ---- 在…的后部(包含在内)2. take off 起飞3. get out of 离开…4. You are kidding. 胡说八道5. follow sb. to do sth. 跟着某人做某事6. get into 进入7. shout at 训斥、责备shout to 向…喊叫8. What happen? 发生什么事了?happen = take place 发生9. in silence 沉默地10. in space 在太空中11. at the doctor's 在诊所12. jump down from… 从…跳下13. climb up the tree 爬上树KP“as + 形容词/副词的原级+as”表示“和…一样”否定形式:“not as/so + 形容词/副词的原级+as” 表示“和…不一样”GF1. The Past Progressive Tense过去进行时⑴用法:表示在过去某一时刻或某段时间内正在进行的动作。

⑵谓语结构:be ( was, were )+ Ving⑶时间状语:at that time/momentat + 点钟 + yesterday/last nightfrom +点钟 + to +点钟 + yesterdaythis time yesterdayjust thenwhen he came in, ….(when引导的时间状语从句是过去时,并且动词是短暂性动词时,主句使用过去进行时)2. when & whilewhen与while都是从属连词,都有“当……时”的意思。when 可与一个点的时间或表示一段的时间连用,从句动词可以是短暂性或延续性动词;while 只指一段时间,不能指一点时间。

因此while从句中的谓语动词必须是延续性动词。Unit 4UE1. have a surprise party 举办一个惊喜派对2. be mad at/with sb. for sth. 因为某事对某人发火be mad about/on sth./sb. 对某事/某人很着迷3. not … anymore = not … any more = no more 不再4. first of all 首先5. pass ( on ) sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人pass on (代词放中间)6. work on 从事7. be supposed to = should 应该8. be good/better/best at 擅长于…do well/better/best in9. report card 成绩单10. the disappointing result 令人失望的结果11. this semester 本学期12. How's it going? 你好吗?How goes it?How are things going?13. be in good/poor/bad/ill health 健康状况好/不好/糟糕/病着14. end of year exams 期末考15. get/be nervous of sth./doing sth. 对某事/做某事感到紧张16. have a hard time with sth. 在某事上/做。

9.八年级上册英语复习提纲

八年级上知识点总结 Unit 1: How often do you exercise? 【语言目标】 ● What do you usually do on weekends? I sometimes go to the beach. ● How often do you eat vegetables? Every day. ● Most students do homework every day. 【重点词汇】 ● always, usually , often, sometimes , hardly , ever, never. ● how often, once , twice , three times a week , every day. 【应掌握的词组】 1. go to the movies 去看电影 2. look after = take care of 照顾 3. surf the internet 上网 4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式 5. go skate boarding 去滑板 6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康 7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼 8. eating habits 饮食习惯 9. take more exercise 做更多的运动 10. the same as 与什么相同 11. be different from 不同 12. once a month一月一次 13. twice a week一周两次 14. make a difference to 对什么有影响 15. how often 多久一次 16. although = though虽然 17. most of the students=most students 18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物 19. as for至于 20. activity survey活动调查 21. do homework做家庭作业 22. do housework做家务事 23. eat less meat吃更少的肉 24. junk food垃圾食物 25. be good for 对什么有益 26. be bad for对什么有害 27. want to do sth 想做某事 28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事 29. try to do sth 尽量做某事 30. come home from school放学回家 31. of course = certainly = sure当然 32. get good grades取得好成绩 33. some advice 34. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不 35. keep/be in good health保持健康 36.be stressed out紧张的,有压力的 37. take a vacation 去度假 48.get back 回来 【应掌握的句子】 1. How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体? How often + 助动词do(does或did) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(does或did) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, 2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.” “周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。”

第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。 3. “What's your favorite program?” “It's Animal World.” =What program do you like best? “你最喜欢什么节目?”“动物世界。”

4. As for homework , most students do homework every day . as for。意思是“至于;关于”,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。

如: As for him,I never want to see him here. 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。 As for the story,you'd better not believe it. 关于那故事,你最好不要相信。

5. Mom wants me to get up at 6:00 and play ping-pong with her . want to do sth. 意思是“想要做某事”; want sb. to do sth.意思是“想要某人做某事”。如: Do you want to go to the movies with me?你想和我一起去看电影吗? The teacher doesn't want us to eat hamburgers.老师不想让我们吃汉堡包。

6. She says it's good for my health. be good for。表示“对……有益(有好处)”;其反义为:be bad for。

(这里for 是介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词) 如:It's good for us to do more reading. 多读书对我们有好处。

Reading in bed is bad for your eyes.在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。 7. How many hours do you sleep every night? 8. I exercise every day , usually when I come home from school . 9. My eating habits are pretty good . 这里pretty相当于very 。

10. I try to eat a lot of vegetables , usually ten to eleven times a week . try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思而try doing sth.表示“(用某一办法)试着去做某事”。 如: You'd better try doing the experiment in another way. 你最好试试用另一种方法做这个试验。

11. My healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades. help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事 12. Good food and exercise help me to study better. 这里better是well的比较级,而不是good的比较级 13. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different? =Is her lifestyle the same as your lifestyle or is her lifestyle different from yours? be the same as … / be different from … 14. What sports do you play ? 15. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health . keep in good health = keep healthy = stay healthy 16. You must try to eat less meat . try to do sth.表示“ 尽力做某事 ” ,不包含是否成功的意思,less是little的比较级 17. That sounds interesting. 这是“主语+系动词+表语”结构的简单句。sound(听起来),look(看起来),smell (闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得),get (变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。

如: It tastes good. 这味道好。 The music sounds very sweet. 这音乐听起来很入耳。

The smoke grew heavier and heavier. 烟雾变得越来越浓了。 【词语辨析】 maybe 是副词,意为“大概, 可能,或许”,。

10.【八年级英语语法总结【越简单越好、我要抄的】人教版.】

新目标英语八上语法重点:Unit1:频率副词及其问句;Unit2:用情态动词提建议,学会用英语询问病情.Unit3:现在进行时表将来的语态用法(1)Unit4:学会用疑问代词How开头的问句来询问各种方式Unit5:情态动词的疑问句Unit6:形容词的比较级用法Unit7:学会用序数词描述事物Unit8:一般过去时的用法Unit9:特殊疑问代词开头的特殊疑问句的用法Unit10:现在进行时表将来语态的用法(2)Unit11:情态动词疑问句表请求的用法Unit12:形容词最高级的用法八年级下册:Unit1:一般将来时的用法Unit2:情态动词的疑问句(2)Unit3:过去进行时的用法Unit4:直接引语和间接引语Unit5:由if,wether引导的从句用法Unit6:现在完成进行时的用法Unit7:过去将来时的用法Unit8:用情态动词的疑问句来提建议的用法Unit9:现在完成时的用法Unit10:反义疑问句的用法。

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